Businesses will have to report on steps taken
The UK government plans new measures to strengthen the Modern Slavery Act 2015 to ensure that large businesses and public bodies tackle modern slavery risks in their supply chains.
Public bodies with budgets over £36 million will be required to regularly report on the steps they have taken to prevent modern slavery in their supply chains.
Next, the government will introduce a requirement for organisations with budgets over £36 million in all sectors to publish their modern slavery statements on a new digital government reporting service.
Signs of modern slavery in your supply chain
1. Physical and psychological abuse
Many victims will look malnourished and may appear withdrawn when you try to communicate with them. Signs of physical abuse could be apparent, such as bruising and other injuries.
2. Restricted movement
Victims may not be allowed to travel alone and will not have possession of their passports. They may seem under the influence of others, have little interaction, and be unfamiliar with the surroundings in which they are working.
3. Poor accommodation
A victim of modern slavery will likely have an extremely poor standard of living, often staying on-site in cramped and dirty conditions with other workers. It is also quite possible that they would not know their home or work address.
4. Lack of personal belongings
As well as having no form of identification, such as a passport, a victim of modern slavery will likely have very few personal possessions and wear the same clothes every day. These clothes could appear unsuitable for their working conditions.
5. Unusual behaviour
It is quite common for victims of modern slavery to avoid eye contact, continually appear frightened, and allow others to speak for them when addressed directly. They will be very reluctant to ask for help, quite possibly due to fear of further abuse or fear of deportation.
Even big brands can be caught asleep
Channel 4's Dispatches visited seven farms linked to Nespresso and five with links to Starbucks in Guatemala and filmed children under 13 working on all of them.
Some worked up to 40 hours a week, carrying heavy sacks full of beans, earning not much more a day than… er, the price of a frothy cappuccino - a clear breach of the regulations set out by the UN's International Labour Organization.
George Clooney, who is on Nespresso's sustainability advisory board and appears in its adverts, said, "I was surprised and saddened to see this story. Clearly, this board and this company still have work to do."
But Channel 4 reporter Antony Barnett said, "It's great that George Clooney supports our investigation, but if he is serious about sorting out this issue, he needs to make sure Nespresso puts its money where its mouth is. It’s far too easy to announce an investigation and halt supplies from these regions, but this will further punish the farmers and desperately low-income families who rely on them. The reason these kids are working is that their parents – and the farms they work on – are not paid enough."
It is clear that even for those with the best intentions, modern slavery may be happening right under your nose, which is why you need to spot the signs.
How to tackle modern slavery in your supply chain
Firstly, you must establish visibility by understanding your supply chain and where your products and services come from. Modern slavery can come in many different forms, so it is vital that you can identify the red flags that may indicate a potential problem. For example, look into recruitment fees, migratory workforces, and be aware of which countries and regions are at greater risk of slavery in the workforce.
Key action points
- Carry out unannounced spot checks and audits on suppliers - adopt a risk-based approach, so more checks are carried out on suppliers or parts of the business that pose the most risk.
- Don't impose unreasonable demands on suppliers - excessive production targets or squeezed margins makes it more tempting for suppliers to cut corners or tolerate child labour.
- Commit to fair and sustainable trade - it's not just about profitability. Remember, we have social and environmental obligations too. It's possible to be both profitable and principled.
- Appoint local champions - both within supply chains and with external stakeholders and NGOs, who may have expert knowledge of the local climate, identify risks and highlight worker exploitation.
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