Skills shortages, caused by a failure to fill vacancies. A drop in currency value, caused by market uncertainty post-Brexit. Fines and financial risk, caused by a failure to comply with regulations.
Whether it's catching the train to work, crossing the road, investing in financial products, or making health or lifestyle choices, life is full of risk.
Risk is inherent in everything we do. After all, whole industries such as insurance and gambling are founded on the management of risk. It is evolutionary in nature - the level of risk can change and so too can our perceptions of it.
In the corporate world, risk management involves understanding and analysing risk to ensure organisations meet their objectives. So how can you improve risk management in your company?
10 top tips on how to improve risk management
1. Be clear about your remit
Any gaps in responsibilities across your business present an increased opportunity for risk. Make sure that everyone knows exactly what part of the business and what activities and tasks they are responsible for.
2. Identify risks early on
It's never too soon to start thinking about risk. The sooner you do this, the easier it will be to manage the risk. Think about risk management at the start of every project or task. What Early Warning Indicators (EWIs) can we track for different risks? Risk management should be embedded into all of your work processes and corporate culture.
3. Be positive
Not all risks are negatives, so don't only focus on the downsides. Risks can be positive too, presenting opportunities and enabling us to take advantage of a given event or situation.
4. Describe risk appropriately
As part of the risk assessment process, it is good practice to create a risk 'string', distinguishing between cause and effect.
5. Estimate and prioritise risk
Use a risk matrix to assess and prioritise all known risks. You can calculate the severity of a risk by looking at both the probability (likelihood) and impact (severity).
6. Take responsibility and ownership
If you see something is wrong, such as a potential safety issue, suspected fraud, or security breaches, take responsibility rather than waiting for someone else to sort the problem out. Risk management works best when everyone is empowered to speak out and take action.
7. Learn from past mistakes
Use historical data and anecdotes to learn from past mistakes and ensure they are never repeated.
8. Use appropriate strategies to manage risk
Use the 4T's model to decide how best to manage risk. This involves:
- Transferring risk - assigning an individual, group or third party to be responsible for the risk
- Tolerating risk - this is where no action is taken to mitigate or reduce a risk (though it still needs to be monitored)
- Treating risk - controlling risk through actions that reduce the likelihood of the risk occurring or minimise its impact prior to its occurrence
- Terminating risk - altering processes or practices to eliminate risk completely
9. Document all risks in a risk register
By capturing all risks across the company, you will be able to see 'the bigger picture' of your entire risk exposure, which will improve your information sharing and accountability. Remember to document who is responsible for what and appoint a risk owner too.
10. Keep monitoring and reviewing
The level of risk we face is continually changing, with new risks emerging and others becoming less critical. By being proactive and regularly monitoring your exposure, you will be ready to act when the time comes.
Risk is everywhere, and in the workplace it is so important to have a risk management process in place. This involves not only all of the above, but also training your staff on what constitutes risk so they know what to look out for and how they can contribute towards risk management.